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PPC IV & V Practice Based Learning and Improvement Presentation Guide: Steps 6 & 7

Step 6: Formulate and Provide Response

  • What information would you provide your clinical faculty member or medical team member about the case?
  • What information would you provide your patient?
    • Should be provided in terminology that a patient could understand.

Applying the Evidence to Your Patient: Examples of Things to Consider

  • Drugs: Consider drug cost, insurance coverage, serious adverse reactions, serious drug interactions, contraindications, ease of administration, etc.
  • Treatments: Efficacy of treatment, treatment cost, insurance coverage, possible complications, etc.
  • Geography of where patient lives. For example, some treatments may not be easily available/assessable to patient living in a rural community.
  • Transportation
  • Diversity, culture, and spiritual beliefs of the patient

Consider When Applying a Treatment to a Patient

If prescribing a new medication to a patient, remember STEPS.

S    Safety
         T     Tolerability
     E     Effective
P     Price
       S     Simplicity


University of Georgia YouTube site. Athens (GA): Slawson David C; 2010 May 28. [Video], Teaching evidence based medicine: should we be teaching information management instead? [reviewed 2013 Aug 3; cited 2013 Aug 20]; [55 min., 41 sec.]. Available from:

Preskorn SH. Advances in antidepressant therapy: the pharmacologic basis. San Antonio: Dannemiller Memorial Educational Foundation, 1994

Step 7: Conduct Follow-up

  • This step is completed AFTER the verbal communication response is given to requestor
  • Follow-up is perceived as good clinical practice and enhances professional relations
    • Will there be follow-up? When (provide an estimate)?


  • We all have a responsibility to provide responses to clinical questions from patients and health care providers
  • Before providing a response, be sure to utilize the 7-step approach to assure completeness with the response
  • Responses are often given in a verbal, fast-paced setting, however, sometimes a written response is needed.  Be aware of your setting.

Reference Slide

Include the citation of your article or guideline on your reference slide. Other resources utilized in the presentation should also be cited,