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Desired Characteristics of a Clinical Question Response
- Complete, but concise
- Well referenced
- Clear and logical
- Free of bias
- Applicable and appropriate
- Answers important related questions
7 Steps to Answering a Clinical Question
- Secure Demographics of Requestor
- Obtain Background Information
- Determine Ultimate Question (PPICO)
- Conduct Article Search
- Analyze Article (PPICONS)
- Formulate and Provide a Response
Adapted from: Sheehan A, Jordan JK. Formulating an Effective Response: A Structured Approach. In: Malone PM, Malone MJ, Park SK. eds. Drug Information: A Guide for Pharmacists, 6e New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; . http://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2275§ionid=177197497. Accessed July 01, 2019.
Example of a Clinical Scenario
A patient comes into your office. He is a 50 year old Caucasian male who has just been told his total cholesterol is 240 at the health fair and his LDL was 160 and HDL was 40.
“I know you will want to put me on one of those ‘statin’ drugs…I just don’t want to do that yet. Is there anything I can take over the counter? One of my friends was telling me about garlic…”
Step 1: Secure Demographics of Requestor
- Who is asking the question?
- How do they want the response delivered?
- When do they need the response/answer?
- What resources has the requestor already utilized?
EBM Information for Classes of 2021 & 2022
EBM Information for Class of 2023