Hypothetical scenario for a NEOMED COM/COP student or faculty member: "KR is a 56 y/o female with a history of Myocardial Infarction (MI) who is on Atorvastatin 80 mg daily presents to your clinic. She expresses concern over an internet article she saw that stated statins can cause memory loss. She is concerned that she may be experiencing this effect and wants to stop her statin. She does not need an immediate answer."
The first objective is to locate existing literature using EBM/EBP searching methods to assess the existing research and make an evidence-based decision. A second objective is to determine whether or not this topic could serve as a research project. Searching according to the following steps will ensure that both of these objectives are met.
Population - 56 year-old female with a history of Myocardial Infarction who is on Atorvastatin 80 mg daily
Intervention - Discontinue use Atorvastatin
Comparison - Continue administering Atorvastatin
Outcome - Answer to her question: do statins cause memory loss, and should she discontinue usage?
Note that in this example it is not necessary to build search concepts for each individual PICO element. A more advisable approach is to consider the most important elements and whether or not multiple elements can be combined into a single concept. In this case, elements I and C can be combined because both concern Atorvastatin. Therefore, our three concepts are Atorvastatin, females/women, and memory loss. Note that I shortened O to "memory loss." This was done to convert it into a single concept; searching for "causes" can be vague, whereas "memory loss" is a medical condition.
Northeast Ohio Medical University is an Equal Education and Employment Institution
ADA Compliance | Title IX
NEOMED Library - 4209 St, OH-44, Rootstown, OH 44272 - "A Building" Second Floor
Except where otherwise noted, content on the NEOMED LibGuides is licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution-NonCommercial license (CC BY-NC)