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Citing Resources

Tips and Tools for properly citing resources

AMA Resources

Examples of AMA citations:

Journal Article, up to 5 authors: 

Format: Author(s). Article title. Journal Title. Publication Date; volume(issue*):page numbers. 

Buckley PT. Health coaching good for your patients and your practice. How to cater to a growing segment of patients who want partners in their quest for health. Med Econ. 2010 Nov 19;87(22):60-1, 68-70.

*Only include issue number if journal not consecutively numbered. 

Journal Article with more than 6 Authors:

Format: First 3 authors, et al. Article title. Journal Title. Publication Date; volume:page numbers.

Amaral E, Zeferino A, Nadruz W, et al. Successful accomplishment of educational goals with clinical experience at public primary care facilities. Med Teach. 2007;29:600-5.


Format: Author(s). Book title. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. 

Jenkins PF. Making sense of the chest x-ray: a hands-on guide. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005.

Book Chapter: 

Format: Author(s). Book title. (ed., if applicable). Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. Chapter Title; Pages.

Riffenburgh RH. Statistics in medicine. 2nd ed. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Elsevier Academic Press; c2006. Chapter 24, Regression and correlation methods; p. 447-86. 

e-Book Chapter: [AccessMedicine/AccessPharmacy/Pharmacy Library, plus other e-books]

Format: Author(s). Chapter title. In: editors, eds. Book Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication. E-Book platform. Date accessed: Page numbers. 

Fields HL, Martin JB. Pain: pathophysiology and management. In: Kasper DL, Fauci AS, Longo DL, Braunwald E, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 16th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2005. Accessed April 16, 2007:71-73.

Web Page: 

Author(s), if give and many times there are none; title of the specific item cited, if any; name of the Web site; URL; published and/or update, if any; accessed date.

FDA/CEDR resources page. Food and Drug Administration Web site. Accessed April 7, 2007.

To cite in text using AMA, you will use superscripts just behind the idea you are citing. 

Superscript numbers are placed outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons. To cite more than 1 article with the same idea, use commas to separate two references1,2. 


The growing public concern, and evolving policies and legislation, affect prescribers’ attitudes and beliefs concerning opioid use for the treatment of patients with chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP), which in turn affects prescribing practices.¹

Reference List: 

1. Nwokeji, E.D.; Rascati, K.L.; Brown, C.M.; Eisenberg, A. “Influences of attitudes on family physicians’ willingness to prescribe long-acting opioid analgesics for patients with chronic nonmalignant pain.” Clin Ther. 2007; 29(Supp):2589–2602.